Spending time in the forest, especially for leisure purposes, may be a very calming pastime. Nowadays, spending time there, camping in the forest, either alone or with family and friends, is highly popular. While there is nothing wrong with it, there are certain hazards associated with it. There are unforeseen scenarios, such as becoming lost, and you should be familiar with certain fundamental concepts for dealing with them. We’ll become more specific when we discuss how to survive in the jungle.
Numerous advice include how to prepare in advance, what to do if you become disoriented, what not to do; how to locate food and water, and how to transmit your location. Of course, the first stage (preparation) is critical, and failing to prepare for the unexpected may land you in serious difficulty. We’ve developed a list of actions and ideas to assist you in navigating this procedure.
Basic tips on survival in the wildlife forest
To begin, before publicly confessing to being lost, attempt to retrace your steps. Determine whether you can recognize any of the items or objects you left behind and attempt to return. This should be the very first thing you do. Additionally, do not panic. This will simply add to your confusion, and you will entirely lose whatever trails you left behind, obliterating your chances of finding your way back. Therefore, maintain your composure and attempt to reason rationally.
Maintain a laser-like focus on your location. While hiking (and assuming you are not lost), it is a good habit to focus on the details; spin around multiple times and attempt to recall the surroundings. It will only take a few minutes, but do it regularly. This strategy may assist you in retracing your steps if you become disoriented.
If you are certain you are indeed lost, there are a few measures you must do; you must master a few methods and, as indicated previously, maintain your composure. You must check out our excellent guide on how to survive being lost in the wild!
Your first and most critical task is to locate water. This is critical, since you may construct shelter near the water source and even lay some snares, which will reward you with food. A fantastic idea to assist you in locating water is to search for birds and determine whether they fly nearby. Birds and other animals prefer to congregate around water sources.
Another option is to check for existing animal paths – there are a few. However, take cautious not to enter an animal’s den. Trails are only a guideline to assist you in locating water sources. Keep an eye out for birds and paths. Both are more dependable when used in conjunction.
If you come upon a water source, it might be a river, stream, or lake. Always boil water before drinking. This may be even better if you have a filter or a purification system. As such, we recommend that you bring along a filtering/purification device. However, if you lack such a system, boil the water for at least 3-4 minutes (at best, boil it 10 minutes). If you are at a high altitude (and intend to remain in the forest), boil it for a longer period of time than 10 minutes. This is because of the reduced air pressure, which causes water to boil more slowly. Additionally, we have an excellent post on how to filter water while lost in the bush that you should read.
If there is no water source nearby (and you are discouraged from looking too far away for fear of losing too much energy and dehydrating rapidly), attempt to collect rain water or dew. If you do so, you are not required to boil the water, but you should do so if you are using filthy containers or pans.
However, you are not need to wait for rain. Because you’re in a forest, the air is wet. This also means that you may create your own solar water still using vegetation. To construct one, you must first dig a hole. Ascertain that it is sufficiently deep to accommodate a container or a pot in its center, and that the entrance of the entire is much higher than the containers. Include a variety of leaves and greenery within. Wrap a plastic sheet around the full aperture of the hole.
Place large boulders on each of the sheet’s corners to stabilize it. Additionally, ensure that the sheet is somewhat slack (not completely stretched). Finally, lay a rock or a smaller stone just over the container/pot on the plastic sheet. Water will begin evaporating within the hole over time as a result of the greenhouse effect. The vapor will condense on the inside of the plastic sheet and begin dropping at the location of the little stone. If your pots are also clean, the water will be entirely clean (distilled) and safe to drink.
Following that, you’ll need to find a somewhere to stay. We strongly urge you to bring at least one tarp with you, since it serves various purposes and is extremely convenient and lightweight. Protecting oneself from torrential rain or thick snow might be life-saving. Without a tarp or cover, you will not be able to remain entirely exposed to the elements for an extended period of time. Learn how to construct shelters out of tarps. Practice before going on a forest hike to ensure that you are prepared.
If, however, you neglect to put a tarp in your bag, you might attempt to construct your shelter using whatever tools, branches, or leaves you discover in the forest. This may require far more abilities to construct, so either bring a tarp (or skip the most difficult stage) or learn how to construct a basic shelter beforehand. A simple one is the ‘lean-to’ shelter. This may be accomplished with a tarp or with only a few branches and vegetation.
If you do not have a tarp, proceed as follows. Locate a lengthy, thick branch. It should be propped up against a tree at a 45-degree angle. Attach tiny branches on either side of it. It should resemble a spine with ribs. After that, add greenery, including huge leaves and thinner branches. Make an attempt to cover the whole ‘rib cage.’
Of course, if you lack the ability to construct shelters, you may rely on what nature provides — caverns. This may be far more harmful, so be cautious. In the face of bears, wild cats, and snakes, there may already be residents in the cave. Animals, too, rely on caves and earth holes for survival, and hence may have discovered these before you. Therefore, if you wish to prevent a violent confrontation with an animal, you should learn how to construct your own shelter using readily available materials. Take a look at our in-depth lesson on how to build a survival shelter for more information.
After establishing your shelter, you must construct a fire. It will keep you warm and serve as your ‘kitchen’. You may prepare food and bring water to a boil. If your food supply runs out, you will have to catch your own meals. This may need you to be able to construct snares and capture fish. There are several tutorials available online that demonstrate how to accomplish either of these tasks. It is a very helpful skill to acquire before to going trekking.
There are a few effective techniques for lighting a fire (in the absence of a lighter). A mirror may be used to light certain wood and twigs. Alternatively, you might construct a fire plow. You’ll need a flexible wooden piece on which to carve a groove. Place lumber and twigs in it and move it up and down with a thinner branch to produce friction. Ascertain that the wood and twigs are completely dry. Even a trace of moisture may help keep the fire from igniting. When it does, though, add additional twigs to aid in the fire’s growth.
Bear in mind that the material you use should be dried dead twigs and branches; everything else will suffice as long as it is dead. Additionally, you should maintain a small fire since it is more controllable. Large flames consume more fuel and are more difficult to manage, especially if you lack experience. Additionally, create a bonfire away from any dead trees or shrubs, as well as any leaf or leaves. If the conditions are favorable (hot and windy weather), it is possible to accidentally start a forest fire. To learn more about how to start a fire in the forest, check our page on wilderness survival skills.
How do you survive in a forest?
We’d like to provide some really essential recommendations on how to survive in a forest. The preceding stages are critical for survival and must be followed. Along with this, there are a few other details you should be aware of.
You must inform someone of your whereabouts. Never make the error depicted in the film ‘127’. If you become disoriented, your best chance is that a friend or relative is aware that you were trekking. Inform them precisely of what you intend to accomplish and where you intend to go. This manner, if you become disoriented, your rescuers will have a rough notion of where to seek for you. That is why you should also be familiar with various signaling techniques, such as utilizing a signal fire, a flashlight, a whistle, or screaming. Additionally, you may make use of the trees by making some markings on them.
It is critical that you carry a map, compass, GPS device, or smart phone with you. Either of these options can be quite beneficial if no one knows your location. To begin, become familiar with the usage of a map and compass. If the batteries on your GPS or smartphone go out, you’ll have to read the map the old-fashioned manner. We have a comprehensive tutorial on map reading, so be sure to check it out.
Additionally, you should avoid excessive movement. The rescue squad will have an easier time locating you. You may, of course, scout the region in which you are now located and become acquainted with it. If you are convinced that no one is approaching you, you must make your way out of the woodland. If you come to a stream, the best course of action is to just stroll alongside it. Hopefully, it will bring you to civilization or a larger body of water. Additionally, because you will be left to your own devices, always travel during the day and, when darkness falls, establish a shelter and rest for the duration of the night.
Additionally, if you’re going through a forest, you should be prepared to encounter animals. Typically, these are bears or wild cats (maybe even wolves). Prepare by bringing a small knife. If you neglected to bring one, try making one out of forest branches and an improvised spear out of sharp stones. Of course, avoid actively engaging in combat. Always avoid combat until there is no way out.
If you come face to face with a bear, speak calmly, stretch your hands to make yourself appear larger (by occupying space, you scare the bear), and proceed slowly. Avoid running, since the bear’s natural nature is to chase prey (and catch it). Bears are extremely swift, and your odds of outrunning one are little to none. Therefore, avoid close encounters with animals and refrain from becoming the first to attack.
If you come into contact with a grizzly bear, fake dead. They will be uninterested in you if they assume you are no longer alive. Leave the location only after you are certain the bear has vanished. If it’s a black bear, you’re going to need to fight with everything you’ve got. Tricks will not benefit you. Either flee slowly or engage in combat if it assaults you immediately. Additionally, you should read our post on how to survive a bear attack.
Additionally, you must be cautious of insects and tiny reptiles. They can creep into your shirts and sleeves due to their size, so always keep them tucked in and prevent exposing flesh.
Additionally, use extreme caution with your diet. If you are unable to create food for yourself, you will have to rely on what the forest supplies. It might be any number of little creatures or plants. Unfortunately, the latter can be toxic. Unless you’re an expert in plants, you’re best off avoiding them. Consume them if you are very convinced that what you are seeing are blueberries. However, there are white berries that are toxic.
Additionally, keep in mind that brightly colored fruits (yellow, white, and red) can be harmful (red, on sometimes, can be edible, but is a risk if unsure). The majority of the time, dark blue and purple fruits are edible. Mushrooms are likewise a no-go unless you’re an expert. It is preferable if you learn to construct snares and capture some wild rabbits or other tiny woodland creatures. If you’re still focused on the plants around (or if hunting does not go well), you should read our article on edible wild plants.
If you intend to spend time trekking in the forest, we highly suggest you to educate yourself ahead on the flora and species that thrive there. Discover which plants, mushrooms, and fruits are edible. Even if you are not lost, this may be a smart idea.
We may suggest four safe meals here: oak acorn, pine, cattails, and grass. Acorns are rather easy to locate and store. Additionally, pine nuts and the inner bark are edible. Boil some pine needles to add flavor to the water. It sweetens the water. As surprising as it may seem, cattails are actually tasty. All of its components are usable. Finally, grass – while it is difficult to chew, it contains carbs and starch.
Finally, but certainly not least, maintain a certain level of hygiene. If you’re trapped in the jungle for an extended period of time and have no clue when you’ll be rescued (or find your way home), you’ll need to take care of your personal hygiene. Dental plaque may cause inflammation, discomfort, and bleeding gums, all of which can be extremely distressing and serve as a breeding ground for germs and bacteria.
Additionally, keep your body clean, particularly your armpits, private regions, spaces between your toes, and skin folds. This is because germs accumulate and can cause rashes, allergies, and inflammation, which can all contribute to disease over time.
One final and critical piece of advise is to learn how to provide first aid. That is perfect if you have packed a first-aid kit. Create your own guidebook at home detailing how to use each item and when to use it. It may be more difficult to administer first-aid methods when no goods are available. This may be difficult for you, but if you find yourself alone in the wilderness, you will need to know how to treat burns, fractures, and wounds on your own. These three are the most common injuries you’re likely to encounter, if any. The size of the first-aid kit should be determined by the sort of trip you’re taking, which is why we recommend reading our reviews of the finest first-aid kits.
Additionally, do not forget to yell and attempt to draw attention to yourself. Establish a schedule for shouting, whistle blowing, or using a flashlight at night. Additionally, keep in mind that the fire you’ve started may draw the notice of the rescue party.
As long as you are aware of these survival skills and procedures, your chances of returning home are quite good. You must understand that the forest supplies the necessary tools for survival; all you need to do is learn how to use them. Know your area; leave markings on trees wherever you go; plan your food and water well (find a water source or use a solar water still); avoid animals as much as possible, maintain a low profile, and hunt only small animals (using snare or fish hooks); when on the trail, use signals to assist people in locating you (if no one knows where you are).
If your friend(s) or relative(s) has already informed rescuers to your location (and you are aware that they are searching for you), then you should remain put. Don’t forget your pocket knife; it’s a lifesaver in the bush.